The Method Of Exploring The Environment (Jas) As A Form Of Independent Learning
Fun learning is a teaching and learning activity that can attract the attention of students with various application methods so that when learning takes place students do not feel bored. A fun and memorable learning atmosphere will attract students to be actively involved so that learning objectives can be achieved optimally.
The term "Merdeka Belajar" has recently become increasingly popular and is no stranger to being discussed by various circles. The concept of Free Learning launched by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology aims to explore the potential of teachers and students in order to improve the quality of education independently. Through this program, teachers must play an active and innovative role in creating a pleasant learning atmosphere.
In the teaching and learning process will be more effective if done in a pleasant situation, both for students and teachers. The two are an inseparable whole . If the teacher teaches in a fun way, the students are happy. And if students feel happy, the enthusiasm for learning becomes high so that the teacher feels satisfied because the learning is successful.
One fun learning method is the JAS (Exploring the Environment) method. This method is one of the components of PAKEM (Active, Creative, Effective and Fun Learning). The JAS method provides space and opportunities for students to explore through relevant activities so as to allow students to reconstruct their conceptual understanding.
On the other hand, learning with the JAS method makes students gain direct experience that allows students to better understand the problem being studied and can make students happy and not bored rather than studying in a classroom. The JAS method also emphasizes the learning process that is associated with the natural environment around students' lives with the real world so that in addition to being able to open diverse thinking insights, Students may also learn different concepts and how to relate them to real-life problems.
As formal education, schools are institutions that have an important role in creating a pleasant learning atmosphere so that students can actively develop their potential to have strength religious spirituality, self-control, personality, intelligence, noble character , and skills. School, which is a place to strive to achieve educational goals, must prioritize fun and excitement.The Method Of Exploring The Environment (Jas) As A Form Of Independent Learning
The following are the learning steps with the JAS method: (1) The teacher prepares the teaching materials / materials to be given to students; (2) The teacher gives the material briefly; (3) The teacher forms groups of 4 to 5 students in each group; (4) The teacher guides students in making observations or observations in the surrounding environment ; (5) Each group does the assignment from the Master in the form of pre-designed worksheets and the Teacher provides individual assistance to students who need it; (6) Each group reports the results of its observations by presenting the results of its group work; (7) If there is time for the teacher to give tests to individual students ; (8) Towards the end of the lesson, the teacher provides classical deepening of the material.
Learning by inviting students to explore the surrounding environment can at least provide a number of benefits, including : (1) Learning activities will be more interesting and not boring for students so as to make Students will be more motivated; (2) Students can immediately hear, see, feel, and smell the object being studied naturally and tangibly so as to convince the results; (3) The materials to be studied are more and factual and the truth is more accurate; (4) Students are more active because it can be done in various ways such as observing and demonstrating; (5) Create many learning resources because the learning environment is very diverse; (6) Students can understand and live aspects of life directly in the surrounding environment so that they can arouse curiosity.
Thus students go through the learning process very well because they are directly involved in the experience and the knowledge gained is more meaningful because it is found by themselves so that the willingness to learn becomes more high. In learning there is exploration, constructivism of knowledge, the process of science, and the learning community.
Through this method, harmonious cooperation between students can also be built, disciplined, work according to interests and abilities , and create a democratic learning atmosphere . Teachers can see high activity in students, this is the real meaningful learning design—a professional totality of educators for their students. In fact, education today often causes pressure for students, teachers, and parents because they tend to be more concerned with the final result of grades in the form of numbers. Teachers and students focus more on how to get good grades so that aspects of attitudes and skills receive less attention. This condition should not be left unchecked and a concept that is able to answer the challenges of the times is needed, one of which is by creating a friendly and fun educational ecosystem. The Method Of Exploring The Environment (Jas) As A Form Of Independent Learning